2017年5月，来自“一带一路”沿线的20国青年评选出了“中国的新四大发明”：高铁、扫码支付、共享单车和网购。1、High-speed rail On October 1, 1964, Tokaido Shinkansen Line was officially opened to traffic. The operation speed is as high as 210 km/h. So the first real high-speed railway in the world was invented by Japan. This marks the arrival of a new era of high-speed railway in the world.As a pioneer of high-speed railway in the world, Japan has accumulated rich experience for other countries, including China, which have not yet developed or are developing high-speed railway, and transferred some technology to these countries to help them develop high-speed railway system faster and more conveniently.In March 2006, the CRH2A train Retrofitted from E2 series 1000 sets sailed from Kobe Port to Qingdao, China, and transferred some technology to China, thus ushering in the era of high-speed railway in China.中文翻译：1、高铁1964年10月1日，日本东海道新干线正式通车。
2006年3月，由E2系1000番台改造而来的CRH2A型列车从神户港装船出发前往中国青岛，并转让部分技术予中国，由此开启了中国的高铁时代。2、Sweep Payment The scanner payment model is based on the concept of mobile payment, and the earliest batch of payments made by mobile devices occurred in Finland in 1997. Finnish local media reported that Finland Telecom has launched a service to operate jukeboxes and beverage vending machines by dialing a pay phone number, which can buy Coca-Cola at Helsinki Airport.The scanned two-dimensional code was invented by Japan DW Company in 1994.2、扫码支付 扫码支付的模式建立在移动支付的概念上，而最早一批由移动设备完成的付款发生在1997年的芬兰。
3、Shared bicycle As early as 1965, Amsterdam Municipal Government of the Netherlands put forward the "White Plan", according to which 50 bicycles were purchased by the government and painted with white paint and scattered around the city for people to use. This is the earliest unmanned shared bicycle system in the world, so the shared bicycle was invented by the Netherlands. In 2007, France also had the freedom of bicycle travel. Later, it became popular and innovative in China, and promoted overseas.3、共享单车 早在1965年，荷兰的阿姆斯特丹市政府提出了“白色计划”，根据该计划由政府购置50辆自行车并将其刷上白漆作为记号散放在城市各处供人使用，这是世界上最早的无人管理的共享单车系统，故共享单车由荷兰发明。2007年，法国也有单车自由行，到后来才中国风靡和创新模式发展，并推广海外。
4、online shopping Online shopping belongs to the category of electronic commerce. In 1979, British Michael Aldrich invented the concept of online shopping. Aldridge used a technology called Videotex to connect ordinary televisions to local retailers'computers over telephone lines.By the 1990s, after Amazon and eBay launched their websites in 1995, e-commerce began to be popular around the world.4、网购 网购属于电子商务的范畴。在1979年，英国人麦克·奥德里奇（Michael Aldrich）发明了网上购物的概念。
The Four Great Inventions 四大发明 The Compass 指南针 Diagram of a Ming dynasty mariner's compass Main article: Compass The earliest reference to magnetism in Chinese literature is found in a 4th century BC book called Book of the Devil Valley Master （鬼谷子）： "The lodestone makes iron come or it attracts it." The earliest reference to a magnetic device used as a "direction finder" is in a Song Dynasty book dated to AD 1040-44. Here there is a description of an iron "south-pointing fish" floating in a bowl of water, aligning itself to the south. The device is recommended as a means of orientation "in the obscurity of the night." However, the first suspended magnetic needle compass was written of by Shen Kuo in his book of AD 1088.For most of Chinese history, the compass that remained in use was in the form of a magnetic needle floating in a bowl of water. According to Needham, the Chinese in the Song Dynasty and continuing Yuan Dynasty did make use of a dry compass, although this type never became as widely used in China as the wet compass.The dry compass used in China was a dry suspension compass, a wooden frame crafted in the shape of a turtle hung upside down by a board, with the loadstone sealed in by wax, and if rotated, the needle at the tail would always point in the northern cardinal direction. Although the 14th century European compass-card in box frame and dry pivot needle was adopted in China after its use was taken by Japanese pirates in the 16th century (who had in turn learned of it from Europeans), the Chinese design of the suspended dry compass persisted in use well into the 18th century.Gunpowder 火药 Handgun from the Yuan dynasty, circa 1300s.Main article: History of gunpowder The prevailing academic consensus is that gunpowder was discovered in the 9th century by Chinese alchemists searching for an elixir of immortality. By the time the Song Dynasty treatise, Wujing Zongyao （武经总要）， was written by Zeng Gongliang and Yang Weide in AD 1044, the various Chinese formulas for gunpowder held levels of nitrate in the range of 27% to 50%. By the end of the 12th century, Chinese formulas of gunpowder had a level of nitrate capable of bursting through cast iron metal containers, in the form of the earliest hollow, gunpowder-filled grenade bombs.In AD 1280, the bomb store of the large gunpowder arsenal at Weiyang accidentally caught fire, which produced such a massive explosion that a team of Chinese inspectors at the site a week later deduced that some 100 guards had been killed instantly, with wooden beams and pillars blown sky high and landing at a distance of over 10 li (~2 mi. or ~3.2 km) away from the explosion.By the time of Jiao Yu and his Huolongjing in the mid 14th century, the explosive potential of gunpowder was perfected, as the level of nitrate in gunpowder formulas had risen to a range of 12% to 91%, with at least 6 different formulas in use that are considered to have maximum explosive potential for gunpowder. By that time, the Chinese had discovered how to create explosive cannonballs by packing their hollow shells with this nitrate-enhanced gunpowder.Papermaking 造纸术 Hemp wrapping paper, China, circa 100 BC Main article: Papermaking Further information: Science and technology of the Han Dynasty Papermaking has traditionally been traced to China about AD 105, when Cai Lun, an official attached to the Imperial court during the Han Dynasty (202 BC-AD 220), created a sheet of paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnets, old rags, and hemp waste. However a recent archaeological discovery has been reported from near Dunhuang of paper with writing on it dating to 8 BC.While paper used for wrapping and padding was used in China since the 2nd century BC, paper used as a writing medium only became widespread by the 3rd century. By the 6th century in China, sheets of paper were beginning to be used for toilet paper as well. During the Tang Dynasty (AD 618–907) paper was folded and sewn into square bags to preserve the flavor of tea. The Song Dynasty (AD 960–1279) that followed was the first government to issue paper currency.Printing 印刷术 Main article: History of typography in East Asia The Chinese invention of Woodblock printing, at some point before the first dated book in 868 (the Diamond Sutra), produced the world's first print culture. According to A. Hyatt Mayor, curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, "it was the Chinese who really discovered the means of communication that was to dominate until our age." 。
The Four Great Inventions of ancient China are,according to Chinese tradition and the British scholar and biochemist Joseph Needham:The Compass Gunpowder Papermaking Printing These inventions are celebrated in Chinese culture for their historical significance and as signs of ancient China's advanced science and technology.These four discoveries had an enormous impact on the development of Chinese civilization and a far-ranging global impact.Although he may have been unaware of the origin of these inventions,in 1620 the English philosopher Francis Bacon noted their importance by writing：好像对Printing,gunpowder and the compass:These three have changed the whole face and state of things throughout the world; the first in literature,the second in warfare,the third in navigation; whence have followed innumerable changes,in so much that no empire,no sect,no star seems to have exerted greater power and influence in human affairs than these.。
The Four Great Inventions of ancient China are, according to Chinese tradition and the British scholar and biochemist Joseph Needham:
These inventions are celebrated in Chinese culture for their historical significance and as signs of ancient China's advanced science and technology. These four discoveries had an enormous impact on the development of Chinese civilization and a far-ranging global impact.
Although he may have been unaware of the origin of these inventions, in 1620 the English philosopher Francis Bacon noted their importance by writing:
Printing, gunpowder and the compass: These three have changed the whole face and state of things throughout the world; the first in literature, the second in warfare, the third in navigation; whence have followed innumerable changes, in so much that no empire, no sect, no star seems to have exerted greater power and influence in human affairs than these.
中国四大发明的英文：The four great inventions of ancient China
英 [ɪn'venʃ（ə）n] 美 [ɪn'vɛnʃən]
Such changes have not been seen since the invention of the printing press.
英 [ˈeɪnʃənt] 美 [ˈenʃənt]
They believed ancient Greece and Rome were vital sources of learning.
Straw can be used both for fodder and for papermaking.
英 [ˈɡʌnpaʊdə（r）] 美 [ˈɡʌnpaʊdər]
Gunpowder was used in China as far back as the 11th century.
英 [ˈprɪntɪŋ tɛkˈniːks] 美 [ˈprɪntɪŋ tɛkˈniks]
In the future, we will have a better a better understanding if our world through the effect of globalization, new media, cheaper printing techniques and so on.
英 [ˈkʌmpəs] 美 [ˈkʌmpəs]
Without a compass, it is easy to lose one's bearings in the woods.
The Four Great Inventions of China:
These four discoveries had an enormous impact on the development of Chinese civilization and a far-ranging global impact.
中国四大发明的英文：The four great inventions of ancient China 一、invention 英 [ɪn'venʃ（ə）n] 美 [ɪn'vɛnʃən] n. 发明；发明物；虚构；发明才能Such changes have not been seen since the invention of the printing press.自从发明了印刷机，这种变革还没有出现过。
二、ancient 英 [ˈeɪnʃənt] 美 [ˈenʃənt] adj. 古代的；古老的，过时的；年老的n. 古代人；老人They believed ancient Greece and Rome were vital sources of learning.他们认为古代希腊罗马是知识的重要发源地。扩展资料具体四大发明的英文：1、papermaking美 [ˈpæpərˌmeɪkɪŋ] 造纸；造纸术；抄造；抄纸；第五章纸的抄造Straw can be used both for fodder and for papermaking. 草可以做饲料，也可以造纸。
2、gunpowder英 [ˈɡʌnpaʊdə（r）] 美 [ˈɡʌnpaʊdər] n.火药Gunpowder was used in China as far back as the 11th century. 远在公元11世纪，中国已使用火药。3、printing techniques英 [ˈprɪntɪŋ tɛkˈniːks] 美 [ˈprɪntɪŋ tɛkˈniks] 印刷技术；印刷术In the future, we will have a better a better understanding if our world through the effect of globalization, new media, cheaper printing techniques and so on.在未来，透过全球化的影响、新媒体、更廉价的印刷技术，我们将有一个更好的更深入的了解我们的世界。
4、compass英 [ˈkʌmpəs] 美 [ˈkʌmpəs] n.罗盘；罗经；指南针；罗盘仪；圆规；两脚规；范围；范畴；界限Without a compass, it is easy to lose one's bearings in the woods. 在森林中没有指南针是容易迷失方向的。
Four great inventions of ancient China: (the compass, gunpowder, printing, paper) Compass It is in the Yellow Emperor Chi You war, used to identify the marching direction of tool. Guide the car is in fact a kind of mechanical device, guide the car when traveling, the immortal hand pointing to the same direction. Guide car production principle and the use of magnetic compass. In the Warring States time, only the real use of the magnetic force of the magnet direction instrument ian. Have made great progress in Song dynasty built the compass, indirect also make China's maritime career development and prosperity, and between China and the Arabs and Persians therefore learn to use a compass and it reached Europe. Gunpowder Gunpowder was invented in the alchemist alchemy in the process. Dragon gun like a rocket, in the artillery dragon head and tail of each have two small rocket, was lit with a small rocket will increase the bazooka and then light the rocket inside the other rockets, fired at the enemy, usually with water. During the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder has been used in the war, the Song Dynasty, has the type of weapons cans. China powder is through the Mongol conquests spread to Arabia, then to europe. Printing operation Before before printing, books are out of hand a a copy, and later appeared in rubbing, woodblock printing method, but still very time-consuming and laborious, until the Song Dynasty, Bi Sheng invented movable type printing that printing technology greatly improved. With the clay made a consistent specification of the box, one end engraved text, called type pad. Printing, type stamp pad in accordance with article arrangement, fixed in coated with adhesive on the chassis to become the type version, then in the version of the ink coating, paper overburden pressure can printed text the. Papermaking The earliest Chinese text is in the inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells of the Shang Dynasty, and then cast on the tripod of the inscriptions on ancient bronze objects (also known as the bronze inscription), to the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States era people began carved words on the wooden slips, with a rope through volumes. Qin and Han Dynasties, the text is a pen to write on the cloth, until the time of the Eastern Han Dynasty, eunuch Cai Lun of the methodology of the paper is to be improved, people began to use a lot of paper as a writing tool. Papermaking is a major event in the history of human civilization, this advanced technology after one thousand years to reach europe. 中国古代四大发明：（指南针、火药、印刷术、造纸） 指南针 相传是在黄帝大战蚩尤时，用来辨认行军方向的工具。
印刷术 在还没有印刷术之前，书籍都是用手一本一本的抄写出来的，后来出现了拓印、雕版等印刷的方法，但还是很耗时费力，直到宋代的时候，毕升发明了活字版印刷术，才使印刷技术大大的改进。 用胶泥做成一个个规格一致的方块，一端刻上文字，称为活字印台。
印刷时，将活字印台依照文章内容排列，固定在涂有粘剂的底盘上成为活字版，然后在版上涂墨，再用纸覆压就可以印出文字了。 造纸 中国最早的文字是出现在殷商的甲骨文中，然后有铸在钟鼎上的钟鼎文（又称金文），到了春秋战国时代人们开始将文字刻在木简上，用绳索贯穿成册。
PapermakingThe earliest form of Chinese characters were inscriptions on oracle bones of the Shang Dynasty, followed by inscriptions on ancient bronze objects, and it was not until the Spring and Autumn Dynasty that the Chinese characters were carved onto bamboo slips strung up by hemp cords.The Chinese characters were written on silk cloths during the Qin and the Han dynasties, and it was not until Cai Lun's （蔡伦61-121） improved papermaking method in the Eastern Han Dynasty that paper was widely used throughout ancient China. Papermaking was a great event in the history of human civilization, and it was introduced into European countries 1,000 years later.Gunpowder 发明者不详Gunpowder, a mixture of charcoal, saltpeter and sulfur, was invented by ancient Chinese alchemists during the process of alchemy in the Sui and the Tang dynasties, and it is a highly volatile explosive. The ancient fire arrow resembles the present rocket tube in shape, and was widely used in battles on water.The gunpowder was enormously employed in the wars during the Tang and Song dynasties; it was introduced into the Arabian countries by the Mongolians and then to the European countries.Compass 发明者不详（我们中国人皆传说是黄帝发明）The legend went that Huangdi (the legendary forebear of the Chinese nation) defeated the Chiyou tribe with the help of a southward-pointing cart, a kind of mechanical device for indicating directions in ancient times. On the basis of the southward-pointing cart, the Chinese people invented a compass in the Warring State Period（战国时代） and later applied it to sea explorations and wars.Great progress was made in compass-making in the Song Dynasty, when it greatly stimulated the development of the shipping industry. Later, the Arabians and Persians learned to make compasses from the ancient Chinese and introduced them to the European countries.Printing TechniquesBefore the emergence of a printing technique, books were transcribed by scholars one by one throughout the history of China. Although a rubbing technique and a block printing technique successively emerged in the Han Dynasty and the Western Jin Dynasty, it was still time-consuming to print a book.Bi Sheng(970-1051毕升是活字印刷术的发明者)first invented movable type printing in the Song Dynasty, greatly promoting the development of the printing technique, for which he was praised as the father of typography.The Chinese printing technique is a vanguard of human civilization, which was introduced to the European countries by the Arabians, and it creates favorable conditions for knowledge dissemination in the world.【很希望我的回答会对你有帮助.如有不明白，可以再追问，若满意请采纳，谢谢你，并祝你进步！】。